In a lifetime, the average person will spend 852 hours, or 35.5 days, brushing their teeth. Have you ever wondered what is in the toothpaste as you brush your teeth?
A typical toothpaste will contain both active and inactive ingredients. Active ingredients fight cavities and reduces risk of gum diseases. Inactive ingredients give toothpaste its taste and texture.
Here are 4 ingredients found in your toothpaste that helps to clean your teeth!
This is the big brother of all active ingredients in toothpaste. Other than preventing cavities, fluoride aids the growth of dental enamel and bones. While the ingestion of a high concentration of fluoride can be acutely toxic to the human body, especially for children, most toothpastes contain a low concentration which makes it safe in case of ingestion.
A toothpaste is not a toothpaste without fluoride!
Abrasives also aid in removing stains from your teeth and act as the main ingredient that is responsible for that shine you get on your teeth.
Did you know that water is one of the main components of toothpaste? Toothpaste comprises of at least 20% water to keep it from drying out. Without water, the toothpaste would be too hard in texture to be applied onto the toothbrush. The ratio of water to abrasives in the toothpaste will determine its degree of abrasiveness.
Simply put, surfactants are detergents. Not all, but many toothpastes contain this ingredient. Its sole function is to act as a foaming agent, allowing toothpaste to be spread out evenly in order to clean your teeth more thoroughly.
Other ingredients include antibacterial agents that prevent the build up of bacteria, reducing the risk of gingivitis. Flavourants provide the “minty” taste you get when brushing your teeth, and remineralisers help to rebuild the outer layers of your teeth.
Now that you know the ingredients of a toothpaste, keep them in mind the next time you brush your teeth!