About Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment is a procedure, which eliminates infection that has reached the nerves of the affected tooth.
Signs of infection requiring root canal treatment include pain, prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold, tenderness to chewing, swelling of the gum and the discolouration of the tooth.
During root canal treatment, the infected nerves are removed and the inside of the tooth is disinfected and cleaned. It is then filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha.
The tooth is then restored with a crown or permanent filling for protection. After the final restorations, the tooth continues to function like any other tooth.
Benefits of Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment eliminates pain from a badly infected tooth which otherwise has to be extracted. Saving the natural tooth will help maintain chewing efficiency and protect the other teeth from excessive wear or stress. It also helps maintain your natural smile.
A thorough examination is done and an x-ray of the tooth is taken.
Local anaesthetic is administered. A 'dental dam' is placed over the tooth to keep it clean and free of saliva during the procedure.
An opening is made in the crown of the tooth and small instruments are used to clean out the infected pulp tissue and shape the root canal space for filling.
The prepared root canal is filled with a biocompatible material and sealed to prevent bacteria from re-entering the canal.
FAQs on Root Canal Treatment
Is root canal treatment painful?
You may have heard from your friends that root canal treatment is very painful. Root canal treatment should be a pain free procedure with just local anaesthesia. The reason why some patients experience pain is because it is difficult to achieve profound anaesthesia for a tooth with an acute abscess. In such situations a course of antibiotics will be prescribed. Treatment will be postponed till a few days later.
Can all teeth be treated with root canal treatment?
Most teeth can be treated with root canal treatment. However, if there is a crack which extends beyond the crown of the tooth or if the root is fractured then the tooth cannot be saved. Your dentist will also ensure that the tooth has adequate bone support and can be restored before proceeding with a root canal treatment.
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